MariaDB adalah pengganti Drop-in untuk MySQL yang ditingkatkan. MariaDB bisa menjadi pilihan yang lebih baik bagi para profesional basis data yang mencari server SQL yang kuat, terukur, dan andal. MariaDB memiliki sejumlah fitur yang diperbarui melalui MySQL. Artikel ini akan membantu Anda untuk menginstal MariaDB 10.4 di Linux Debian 10 (Buster) melalui manajer paket apt.

Langkah 1 :
# apt update sudo aptinstall software-properties-common dirmngr sudo # apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80  0xF1656F24C74CD1D8
Langkah 2 :
# nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mariadb.list
Langkah 3 : 
# apt update 
# apt install mariadb-server
Langkah 4 :
# apt update 
# apt install mariadb-server
Input Password root mariaDB
Langkah 5 :
# systemctl status mariadb
Status

Langkah 6 :

# mysql_secure_installation

[email protected]:~# mysql_secure_installation

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): 
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

You already have a root password set, so you can safely answer 'n'.

Change the root password? [Y/n] y
New password: 
Re-enter new password: 
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!


By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] n
 ... skipping.

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Langkah 7 :

mysql -u root -p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 8
Server version: 10.4.8-MariaDB-0+deb10u1 Debian 10.1

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]>
Langkah 8 :
# systemctl stop mariadb.service      # To Stop MariaDB service 
# systemctl start mariadb.service     # To Start MariaDB service 
# systemctl status mariadb.service    # To Check MariaDB service status 
# systemctl restart mariadb.service   # To Stop then Start MariaDB service